Illegal migration to Russia in 2017
The Problem of illegal migration is acute both abroad and in Russia. There are various reasons why citizens of other States illegally reside in the territory of the RUSSIAN Federation. This decision may be voluntary (most often due to the search for better living and working conditions) and forced (salvation from persecution in the homeland). And to illegal migrants can be ranked as those who need visa to Russia for a foreignerAnd citizens of the States with whom the RUSSIAN Federation has concluded an agreement on visa-free entry.
The situation last year
Illegal migrants are considered to be citizens of other states, who:
- are on the territory of the Russian Federation with forged documents or without them at all;
- crossed the border without legal grounds or with false documents;
- remained in the country after the expiry of the visa (including students who did not leave Russia and did not renew their permits after graduation, and hired workers who stayed in the Russian Federation after the expiry of the employment contract).
Last year, the Migration Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs noted that the number of foreigners illegally staying in Russia has decreased from 3.9 to 2.6 million people. According to the agency, 14 million foreigners entered the territory of the Russian Federation from the beginning to the end of October last year, and 11.7 million people left the country.
Most migrants come to Russia from CIS countries. Their share is 67% of the total number of foreigners. At the same time, among them the largest number of citizens of Ukraine (19.4% of the total number). The second place is occupied by Uzbekistan (14.2 %), the third - by Kazakhstan (9.9 %).
In particular, the number of migrant workers in different sectors of the economy is decreasing. For example, in 2015, 25 per cent of migrants worked in trade and 50 per cent in passenger transport. By the beginning of 2018, these figures had decreased to 15% and 28% respectively.
It should be remembered that the problem of irregular migration affects many areas of life. In particular, citizens illegally staying on the territory of Russia do not pay taxes on their income and increase the unemployment rate among the indigenous population. In order not to aggravate the situation, Russian employers need to hire foreigners in compliance with the current legislation. In particular, for citizens of other countries Working visasThe company's employees are entitled to the following benefits: patents and permits, employment contracts and so on.